Yet More Words I Learned From Sir Walter Scott

This is a mere sampling of unfamiliar words and allusions that I’ve come across in Ivanhoe—a novel about medieval knights and outlaws (Robin Hood!), Saxons and Normans, Christians and Jews, heraldry and chivalry by Sir Walter Scott. The list below came from a single chapter of the novel. Preceptor and Preceptory A preceptor is the head of a preceptory—naturally! A preceptor is also an instructor, teacher, tutor, or head of a school. (Dictionary.com) And a preceptory is a subordinate house or community of the Knights Templars. (Dictionary.com) Vair Vair is a fur—generally thought to be squirrel fur—often used to line and trim clothing in the 13th and 14th centuries. Vair is also one of the principal furs commonly represented on heraldic shields. (Dictionary.com) Orle In heraldry, an orle is a border around a shield. (Dictionary.com) Arblast An arblast was a later, larger, and better version of the crossbow that came into use in Europe in the 12th century. (Wikipedia) Romaunts Romaunt is an archaic word for a romantic tale or poem. (Dictionary.com) Copestone Copestone is another word for capstone. A copestone is the top stone of a building or other structure. (Dictionary.com) Consuetude A consuetude is an established custom, especially one that has legal force. (Dictionary.com) Brand of Phineas The brand of Phineas is an allusion to the Biblical Phineas, who was the grandson of Aaron and a priest among the Israelites during the time of the Exodus. He executed a sinful man and woman using a javelin. (Wikipedia) Compeer A compeer is a person who is your equal in rank, status, or ability. A compeer is also a companion or comrade. (Dictionary.com) Periapts A periapt is a charm or amulet. (Dictionary.com)

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