Lots of Words I Learned From Sir Walter Scott

I finally made it to the end of the novel The Abbot by Sir Walter Scott. (Hurray! All ends well for our hero.) The final chapters of the novel contained quite an assortment of words for hats, helmets, and clothing!


A barret is a kind of cap formerly worn by soldiers; it is also called a barret cap. It is also a flat cap worn by Roman Catholic ecclesiastics. (Fine Dictionary)


A basnet is a steel head-piece or helmet. (Dictionary of the Scots Language)


A culvering is an early form of handgun. (Dictionary of the Scots Language)


Eftsoons is an obsolete or archaic way of saying soon afterward or once again. (Dictionary.com)


To exheridate a person means to disinherit them. (Merriam-Webster)


A farthingale is a hoop skirt or framework for expanding a woman’s skirt, worn in the16th and 17th centuries. (Dictionary.com)


Garbulle is the Scots variant of variant of garboil. A garboil is a confusion, disturbance, uproar, or tumult—such as a brawl. (Word Finder)


To kent is to know, have knowledge of or about, or be acquainted with person or thing or to understand or perceive an idea or situation. (Dictionary.com)


A knapscap is a helmet or headpiece. (Dictionary of the Scots Language)


A part let is a garment for the neck and shoulders, usually ruffled and having acollar, worn in the 16th century. (Dictionary.com)

Further Words I Learned From Sir Walter Scott

Someday, I will make it to the end of the novel The Abbot by Sir Walter Scott. In the meantime, I keep learning new words!


Bellona is an ancient Roman goddess of war, often associated with Mars. Her main attribute is the military helmet that she wears on her head. She often holds a sword, a shield, or other weapons of battle. (Wikipedia)


A church is a simple, close-fitting cap worn by women in colonial America and a kerchief worn by Scottish women. (Dictionary.com)


A knosp is a bud-like ornament. (Dictionary.com)


A massy-more is the underground dungeon of a castle. (Collins Dictionary)


A petronel is a 16th or 17th century firearm, described by a contemporary as a firearm used by horsemen. (Wikipedia)


A pilniewinks is a medieval instrument of torture for the fingers and thumbs. (Collins Dictionary)


A thumbikins is an instrument of torture for compressing the thumb. It is also known as a thumbscrew or a thumbikin. (Wiktionary)


A vasquine is a close-fitting bodice with tabs, or a basque. In England, the word vasquine has been used to refer to a petticoat. A basque, by the way, is a section of bodice below the waist, shaped to the hips. (Corset Terms Dictionary)

How I Made An Up-cycled Tee Shirt

A women's medium up-cycled yellow tee shirtThe Challenge

I recently started sewing my own tee shirts. However, I found that my local fabric and craft stores don’t stock a wide selection of knit fabrics, and that they don’t come cheap.

The Solution

Fortunately, as I was reading a variety of sewing blogs, I came across the idea of up-cycling and re-using fabric from existing clothing to make new clothing. I decided to try it out by making another tee shirt.

I Bought a Thrift Store Tee Shirt

I went to a local thrift store and bought a men’s extra large tee shirt made from a cotton knit fabric that was in great condition and cost only a few dollars.

A mens' extra large yellow tee shirt

I Reused the Fabric

After washing and drying the tee shirt, I cut it apart at the seams and removed and set aside the ribbing from the neckline. I then made a trip to the craft store and bought a spool of matching thread.

Next, I laid out the front and back fabric pieces on the fold and cut out my front and back pattern pieces. I used the sleeve fabric pieces to cut out my sleeve pattern pieces.

A nice bonus is that I was able to incorporate the existing hems on the bottom and on the sleeves of the old tee shirt into my pattern pieces, thus saving me a bit of sewing work.

Then, I labeled all the pattern pieces and noted the wrong side of each piece so as not to mix them up.

Cutting pattern pieces out of existing clothing

All the pattern pieces for a tee shirt laid out and labeled

I Sewed the Fabric

I pinned the pattern pieces wrong sides together and sewed them together using my very basic sewing machine. (It’s a Singer Advance.)

Because I was sewing knit fabric, I used a ball point needle, which is designed to more easily pierce the weave of knit fabric. And again, because I was sewing knit fabric, I used a stitch that stretches. I used a narrow zigzag stitch to sew the tee shirt seams and to sew the neckband onto the tee shirt.

I had planned to reuse the ribbing I removed to make the neckband for the tee shirt, but I made a mistake while trimming it, and so I ended up using some of the extra tee shirt fabric to make the neckband instead.

I Made an Up-cycled Tee Shirt!

Here is the finished tee shirt. It went from being a men’s extra large tee shirt to being a women’s small/medium tee shirt. Yay for up-cycling!

A women's medium up-cycled yellow tee shirt