Recently, I was reading an older novel from the 1960s in which the heroine stated matter-of-factly that green-eyed people can see better in the dark. This is the only time I can recall coming across this claim in a novel.
There’s no scientific evidence that this is actually true.
A brief Internet search revealed to me that there are conflicting opinions as to whether people with light-colored eyes or people with dark-colored eyes have better night vision.
This article from The New York Times busts this myth: There is little evidence that your eye color affects the quality of your vision.